Balance Disorders

Dizziness and Vertigo

A balance disorder is a disturbance that causes an individual to feel unsteady, giddy, woozy, or have a sensation of movement, spinning, or floating. The terms dizziness and vertigo have been used to describe a balance disorder; they need to be defined for better understanding.

The word dizziness is used to describe many different sensations, depending on the person experiencing it. The exact type of dizziness symptom is very important to determine.

True dizziness is a lightheaded feeling or a sensation that you are about to faint. People also describe dizziness as feeling they are about to fall; they have difficulty staying balanced, or they actually fall. Some individuals also say ‘dizziness’ when they mean ‘weakness.’

Vertigo is the feeling that the room is moving or spinning, or that the person is moving when he or she is not.

Vertigo is also described as an exaggerated motion of spinning and whirling when moving the head back or rolling over in bed.

Dizziness is the broad term used to explain how we feel when our sense of balance isn’t quite right.

Balance is achieved by a combination of receptors in the skeletal system, input from the eyes, and input from the balance organs in the ears. Many people suffer from dizziness at some point, and there are many causes of temporary dizziness. Although they can be unpleasant, balance problems are rarely life-threatening.

Million individuals have vestibular and balance disorders

condition of the inner ear is Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)

Symptoms of Balance Disorders

  • Vertigo
  • Dizziness
  • Unsteadiness
  • Giddiness
  • Wooziness
  • Unbalanced Feeling
  • Falling Sensation
  • Light-Headedness
  • Disorientation
  • Blurred Vision
  • Vomiting
  • Pulse Increase/Decrease


How to feel stable

In order to feel stable, an individual must be able to keep the image of an object they are looking at precisely in the center of the retina (the part of the eye that gives us vision).

Therefore, it is the monumental task of the inner ear, or vestibular system, to accurately move the eyes in order to maintain visual focus when you are moving. 

Unfortunately, there are times when the visual image is not projected directly onto the retina.

This can result in blurred vision, dizziness or vertigo.

Get a proper neurological exam

What you see in the video is an evaluation of the connection between the inner ear and a neurological structure called the cerebellum. During a spin, these structures work together to move the eyes in a rhythmic fashion called nystagmus.

Nystagmus is an involuntary rhythmic shaking or wobbling of the eyes. This back-and-forth movement causes the eyes—more specifically the retina—to lose focus on the environment or the object. This can cause symptoms of vertigo.

Dr. Robert Zembroski, Board-Certified Chiropractic Neurologist, utilizes state-of-the art technology called videonystagmography (VNG) to locate the cause of your dizziness or vertigo.

Videonystagmography uses an infrared-camera system that records eye movements during specific testing procedures. Because the eyes are a reflection of brain function, information provided by these tests aids in the discovery of the balance disorder.

Balance issues arise from :

  • Damage to the inner ear – infection/labyrinthitis
  • Crystals in the inner ear – Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
  • Imbalances in the nervous system
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Low blood sugar – hypoglycemia
  • Diseases of the nervous system
  • Mechanical dysfunction of the spine (subluxations)
  • Medication side effects

Please contact us for more information on resolving your balance disorder

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© 2020 Dr. Robert Zembroski


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